The 1993 Oslo Accords were a landmark peace agreement, establishing the two-state solution as the formula for ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But they deferred the most important and difficult issues: the status of Jerusalem; refugees and the right of return; Israeli settlements; security; and borders.
Twenty years on, we look at where these issues stand and what challenges remain before a peaceful resolution can finally be negotiated.
In October 2012 Gro Harlem Brundtland, Jimmy Carter and Mary Robinson travelled to Israel and the West Bank to draw attention to the developments threatening the two-state solution. After meeting civil society, Israeli and Palestinian political leaders, and humanitarian and human rights experts, the Elders concluded their visit by warning that the situation is heading towards a one-state outcome – which would be catastrophic for both Israelis and Palestinians.