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“You cannot have sustainable peace without women”

How do we empower women at the peace-table – and how are they key to preventing conflict?

On Wednesday, The Elders held a public debate with women peacebuilders to discuss the role of women in peace.

On 5 November, four members of The Elders joined four women peace and gender experts in front of a packed audience at The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia, and online, to discuss how to empower women in peacebuilding.

Jimmy Carter started off the first panel debate by calling for women’s equality in “every part of life”, highlighting that in 500 Fortune companies, only 23 of the CEOs are women. He added that women occupy only 23 per cent of political positions worldwide – 15 per cent in the USA.

Jimmy Carter

Gender and conflict expert Sanam Naraghi Anderlini highlighted the lack of consultation and representation of women in present conflicts, asking:

“How come we never get to hear from Syrian women when we talk about bringing peace to Syria?”

When asked how to amplify the voice of women, Ms Anderlini joined Mary Robinson in urging women to use social media. Mrs Robinson argued that it is important to “connect women at the grassroots with decision-makers at every level of civil society.”

Mary Robinson, Asha Haji Elmi and Sanam Naraghi Anderlini
Mary Robinson on stage with Sanam Naraghi Anderlini and Asha Haji Elmi

When asked how to empower women to be active peace advocates, not to be merely seen as tokens, Jimmy Carter replied that a strong, eloquent and sincere woman can influence an entire room.

To round off the debate, Somali peace activist Asha Haji Elmi spoke of the importance of peacebuilders in representing “the voice for the silent majority, primarily women and children," and the dangers of the role:


Women at the peace-table

Kofi Annan and Hina Jilani began the second panel debate, discussing the shift in nature of the conflicts affecting the world today, with Ms Jilani warning:

“With more internal conflicts coming up based on identity rather than territorial issues, it has become even more difficult for women to play a role.”

Hina Jilani, Manal Omar, Jessica Neuwirth and Kofi Annan
From left-right: Hina Jilani, Manal Omar, Jessica Neuwirth and Kofi Annan

Middle East and gender expert Manal Omar linked unrest with the under-representation of women in the countries that underwent the Arab Spring:

“When women are absent, you can almost guarantee that you will not have democratic principles in the culture that is emerging.”

She further explained how the power of women directly threatens extremist organisations:

“Women do challenge ISIS and that's what they're scared of, and why they target women.”

Manal Omar and Jessica Neuwirth

While lawyer and campaigner Jessica Neuwirth highlighted how women need an opportunity to contribute:

“Everywhere there's conflict there are women who are willing and able to make a significant contribution to peace.”

Kofi Annan concluded the debate, saying that, with optimism, anyone can make the world better:


Watch the video of the full discussion

On the Web
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Do female peacemakers represent their gender, or do they espouse factional interests at the table?Women aren't homogenous #WhereAreTheWomen
Information,education,opportunity and presence, essential in getting women round the peacemaking tables globally #wherearethewomen
What are the most pivotal roles for women in being truly engaged in the peace process: negotiators, witnesses, mediators? #WhereAreTheWomen
Tomorrow, @TheElders will discuss an important issues in peace building work: #WhereAreTheWomen? Livestream info: http://t.co/78ORcPBU…
TOMORROW: Tune into @TheElders #WhereAreTheWomen talk with Jimmy Carter & others http://t.co/dVKnx1do…
What role can/should the humanitarian community place in supporting women's involvement in the peace process? #WhereAreTheWomen
What role does non-conflict related Violence against women play in limiting women's involvement in the peace process? #WhereAreTheWomen
Res 1325 passed in 2000, female lead mediator a UN DPA 2014 target... Does continued failure mean UN impotent/irrelevant? #WhereAreTheWomen
We'll be watching @sanambna of @ICAN in 'Building a lasting #peace: #WhereAreTheWomen?' Join @TheElders' debate http://t.co/f43eAchp…
How are we localizing the peace building process? How can women's role in localizing 1325 transfer to higher levels? #WhereAreTheWomen
How might #women be able to break cycles of #violence? Which #conflict could have been prevented sooner? Tweet your Q with #WhereAreTheWomen
What’s keeping #women from the peace-table? #Poverty? #Patriarchy? Tweet Qs to Elders & women peace experts with #WhereAreTheWomen
Video from Jimmy Carter: Join me on 5 Nov for a panel debate about #WhereAreTheWomen peacebuilders @CarterCenter: http://t.co/OF9yKcsG…
In 31 major peace processes 1992-2011, just 4% of signatories were women http://t.co/QvfWVjI2… #WhereAreTheWomen http://t.co/5GegV8S7…
Why are so few women's voices heard at the peace table? Join @ManalOmar for an online debate tmrw http://t.co/hatPSHVs… #WhereAreTheWomen

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The Elders are independent global leaders, brought together by Nelson Mandela, who offer their collective influence and experience to support peace building, help address major causes of human suffering and promote the shared interests of humanity.

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